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Research project II

"Catedrales románicas en la provincia eclesiástica tarraconense (siglos XI-XIII): programas visuales, liturgia y arquitectura en Tarragona, Roda de Isábena, Huesca, Zaragoza y Pamplona”.

Main objective: examining and documenting the construction processes of the cathedral complexes is a starting point for our group. Our study develops a cross-cutting approach that is new to the Spanish historiography: the study from the materialness (wall painting, archaeological, figurative, sumptuary and funerary) to the unmaterialness (liturgical protocols, professional circuits, acoustic possibilities, light facilities, visibilities, dogma transmission, ideological persuasion, sensorial experiences).

In fact, we are interested in knowing more about the causes and factors of the building works: the functional and liturgical requirements established by the promoters of the configuration and organization of the ecclesiastic spaces and the visual programs developed in the temples' different sectors. We believe that it is a priority to identify the resources and facilities that were activated to experience spaces and perceive images in context.

We give priority to knowing how the visual sculptural and painting cycles, the liturgical furniture and the worship images helped establishing a hierarchy among the cathedral's spaces, spatializing the religious and ceremonial activities. We start from the archaeological exploration and we examine typologies and iconographies, nevertheless providing a methodological horizon: developing a historical, cultural and political anthropology of the architecture, its images and users.

This anthropological view that enables this kind of examination of the ritual spaces and their images allowed and allow us to focus on the dynamics of interaction between segments of the medieval societies and their representations and social imaginaries.

Results of the project during its period of operating capacity.

1.-Besides the publication of the scientific conclusions through research papers of specific subjects, that shall be sent to conferences and indexed reviews, we can state now that the studies concerning Huesca and Roda de Isábena will have a projection on the corresponding sections of the "Enciclopedia del Románico en España. Huesca" published by the Fundación Santa María la Real of Aguilar de Campoo (EPO).

2.- Given our experience in previous projects (La Seu d'Urgell, Oviedo) and our contacts with the technicians in charge of the cathedrals of Tarragona and Pamplona, we can predict that the results of our research will have a precise applicability, as it will be possible to integrate them in plans seeking to improve the knowledge and conservation of the complexes.

3.- We will publish the results of our studies in the website of our group, prioritizing the virtual catalogue of the dispersed lapidary collections of each one of the sees. The ultimate objective is to create a computer database on lapidary remains, as a Virtual Museum, that allows developments in the reconstruction of the history of the complexes and optimizes knowledge on artistic activities in them.